Everything You Need to Know About Diabetes
Having diabetes is when your body is not able to properly process and use glucose from the food you eat. There are different types of diabetes with their different causes, although they all have common problem of having too much glucose in the bloodstream. Diabetes can be treated by insulin treatment or by adopting a healthy lifestyle in other to prevent risk of diabetes.
Everything You Need to Know About Diabetes. Diabetes is regarded as a condition that prevents the body’s ability to process blood glucose known as blood sugar. Statistics shows that about 30.2 million people in the United States ages from 18years and above are with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes. This estimated figure is between 27.9 and 32.7 percent of the country’s population. Non management of diabetes can result to buildup of sugars in the blood which may increase the risk of other health complications like stroke and heart disease. Management of diabetes depends on the type, not all type of diabetes can result from obesity or inactive lifestyle. As a matter of fact, some type of diabetes are present from birth.
In this article, we will be discussing types, symptoms, causes and possibly treatments of diabetes.
Types of diabetes are:
1. Type 1 diabetes. It is an autoimmune disease meaning your body attacks itself. In this process, the insulin producing cells in your pancreas are destroyed. About 10 percent of people with diabetes suffer from type 1 diabetes, it is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can develop at any age. Type 1 diabetes was once known as juvenile diabetes. It is recommended for people with type 1 diabetes to take insulin daily, that is why it is called insulin dependent diabetes.
Cause of type 1 diabetes are:
. Family history. Having a parent with type 1 diabetes.
. Pancreas injury. Injuries caused as a result of infection, tumor, surgery or accident.
. Presence of autoantibodies. These antibodies mistakenly attack your body tissues or organs.
. Stress like surgery or illness can cause type I diabetes.
2. Type 2 diabetes. This is a condition in which your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or your body cells respond abnormally to the insulin. It is the most common type of diabetes with about 95 percent of victims. It occurs among middle aged and older people. Type 2 diabetes can also be called adult onset diabetes or insulin resistant diabetes. It commonly known as “a touch of sugar” by the aged people.
Causes of type 2 diabetes are:
Genetic and lifestyle play a huge role in exposing one to risk of diabetes type 2. Being overweight increases your risk of diabetes type 2 especially carrying overweight in your belly, because it makes your cells more resistant to the effect of insulin on your blood sugar. This condition also runs in families.
3. Prediabetes. This is a stage between the type 2 diabetes where your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be officially diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.
4. Gestational diabetes. It is usually developed in women during pregnancy and often times disappear after pregnancy. Gestational diabetes poses a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes in life.
Causes of gestational diabetes are:
This happens as a result of hormonal changes during pregnancy due to the ability of the placenta to produce hormones that make a pregnant woman’s cells less sensitive to the effects of insulin. This activity during pregnancy can cause an increase in the blood sugar level. Adequate exercise is required during pregnancy because overweight during pregnancy increases risk of gestational diabetes.
5. Drug induced diabetes. This type of happen usually after organ transplant due to HIV/AIDS treatment associated with glucocorticoid steroid use.
Treatment of diabetes are:
1. Exercise and healthy diets.
2. Using insulin.
3. Pancreas transplant.
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